The following institutions and research groups participate in the CellMigration PhD program


The Theodor Kocher Institute of the University of Bern was originally financed and built with an endowment from Theodor Kocher's Nobel prize and is now an Institute of the Medical Faculty.

Research at the Theodor Kocher Institute has a strong focus on immune cell migration during immunosurveillance and inflammation with particular emphasis on immune cell migration to different organs employing cutting-edge 3D live cell imaging. 
The group of Jens Stein is using imaging-based methods (multi-photon microscopy, optical projection tomography, selective plane illumination microscopy) in combination with multicolor flow cytometry and functional in vitro assays to "shed light" on the molecular and cellular processes that govern adaptive immune responses.
The group of Britta Engelhardt investigates immune cell trafficking across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) into the central nervous system to delineate the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the migration of different immune cell subsets across the specialized BBB and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB) into the CNS during health and neuroinflammatory disorders such as multiple sclerosis or stroke.
The group of Ruth Lyck is interested in the mechanisms that control the extravasation of immune and cancer cells from the blood vessels into the central nervous system. The group established an in vitro setup to image the highly dynamic spatiotemporal behavior of immune cells or cancer cells that adhere to and extravasate across the BBB using primary mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (pMBMECs).

With its technical platform in live cell-imaging using in vitro time-lapse videomicroscopy, intravital epifluorescence microscopy and 2-photon microscopy the TKI is part of the Microscopy Imaging Center at the University of Bern.

The group of Curzio Rüegg at the University of Fribourg ( has a focus on tumor-host interactions. Specifically, Curzio Rüegg's group is using in vivo and in vitro experimental models to investigate the following aspects of tumor - host interactions: 
► Tumor microenvironment: How do cells of the microenvironment and bone marrow-derived cells promote tumor invasion and metastasis? How do therapeutic interventions modify the tumor microenvironment and how do these modifications impact tumor behavior? 
► Tumor angiogenesis: How do angiogenic vessels modulate tumor dormancy? How do tumors adapt to inhibition of angiogenesis? 
► Tumor metastasis: How do disseminated cells interact with normal tissue at metastatic sites, in particular in the brain? 
Experimental projects are complemented with clinical-translational studies aimed at validating experimental results in patients, in collaboration with various oncology centers

The group of Carole Bourquin at the Section of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the University of Geneva is interested in cancer immunotherapy. This is a promising and rapidly developing approach for the treatment of cancer in which the body's existing immune system is redirected against cancer cells. The discovery that synthetic short DNA and RNA oligonucleotides can be used to induce strong immune activation provides an opportunity to design new pharmacological substances to manipulate the immune system for therapeutic benefit.

Specifically, the following effects of immunostimulatory oligonucleotides and other activators of innate immunity in experimental models of cancer are investigated:
► Immune cell activation and migration: How can we activate effector cells of the immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells? How can we target these cells to the tumor?
 Immune regulation: Tumors use many strategies to suppress and evade immune responses. How can we block these suppressive mechanisms and restore efficient antitumor immunity?
 Tumor microenvironmentHow can we modify the tumor microenvironment to enhance recruitment of effector immune cells into the tumor? 

The Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) in Bellinzona was founded in 2000 with the clear and ambitious goal of advancing the study of human immunology, with particular emphasis on the mechanisms of host defense. Since 2009, the IRB is affiliated with the University of Italian Switzerland (USI) and some Group Leaders are also appointed Professors in Swiss or foreign Universities.

The research interest of Mariagrazia Uguccioni's laboratory is focused on chemokine activities in physiology and pathology, with an emphasis on the mechanisms governing fine-tuning modulation of their expression and activity. A vast range of in situ experiments, aimed at understanding which chemokines are produced in specific circumstances, has revealed that a variety of chemokines can be concomitantly produced at target sites of leukocyte trafficking and homing rendering the chemokine system a good target for therapy. This has increased the search by pharmaceutical companies for small molecule chemokine antagonists. While we understand the effects of different chemokines individually, much less is known about the potential consequences of the expression of multiple chemokines, cytokines, toll-like receptor ligands or other inflammatory molecules on leukocyte migration and function. Our group discovered the existence of additional features of chemokines: their ability to antagonize or enhance, as synergy-inducing chemokines, the activity of other chemokines.

The research of Marcus Thelen's group is dedicated to a better understanding of the chemokine system in cell migration and positioning. During the last years the group studied the atypical chemokine receptor 3 (ACKR3, formerly CXCR7 or RDC1). The group initially contributed to the deorphanization of the receptor and later unveiled is scavenger activity. The receptor, which shares CXCL12 as ligand with the typical receptor CXCR4, is widely expressed on mammalian cells. One line of research investigates the expression and function of ACKR3 on leukocytes, in particular on B lymphocytes, where the group could show that the receptor is highly upregulated at the plasma blast stage of B cell maturation. Expression of ACKR3 on plasma blasts licenses the cells to leave the germinal center of secondary lymphoid organs. A second line of research studies the role of ACKR3 in human B cell lymphomas. Here a focus is on diffuse large B cell lymphomas, which originate from germinal center cells and on cutaneous B cell lymphomas, which are often characterized by highly activated B cells and follicular structures. A third line of research investigates the potential mechanism of ACKR3 mediated signal transduction. Experiments testing the receptorsome shall identify interacting proteins of ACKR3, which is known not to couple to G-proteins.

Santiago González's laboratory  has a primary focus on the study the interface between pathogen and host. The laboratory research interests include the innate and adaptive immune responses to respiratory pathogens and the mechanisms by which such viruses and bacteria fight the host immune system. The initial response of the body to infection involves a series of events characterized by the rapid up-regulation and recruitment of effector molecules and cells, which facilitate the elimination of the pathogen and the restoration of homeostasis. We are currently using state-of-the-art imaging techniques such as 2-photon intravital microscopy and confocal microscopy to address some of the aforementioned mechanisms. These techniques enable the study of the interaction between the pathogen and the host in a completely new dimension, monitoring the cell-to-cell and microbe-to-cell interaction in real time. In addition, we will use some classic imaging techniques, such as electron and scanning microscopy, in order increase the resolution and structural information of the infected tissue or cell.